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An essential component of the Indian cuisine are pulses. Farmers employ a lot of artificial inorganic fertilizers to maximize yields in pulse crops, which can increase yields but degrade soil health. The most common cause of low output was found to be a shortage of fertilizer or water. Because they help with the fixation of nutrients from the atmosphere, bio-fertilizers are advantageous for the production of pulse crops. In an attempt to get the pulse crop closer to organic farming and achieve sustainable growth, numerous initiatives have been undertaken to replace chemical fertilizers with biofertilizers. India has been engaged in ceaseless attempts and battles to switch from chemical fertilizers to biofertilizers since the late 1800s. This demonstrates how several helpful microorganisms are used in agricultural practices. Bio-fertilizers can be used as a seed treatment or directly applied to the soil. Rhizobium strains, cyanobacteria, phosphate-soluble bacteria, vesicular arbuscular mycorrhiza, and other beneficial microorganism fertilizers are examples of bio-fertilizers that can help with nutrient intake, nodule development, and the mineralization process, which converts unavailable nutrients into readily assimilated nutrients. In order to increase growth and production, bio-fertilizers typically have a symbiotic relationship with the host plant.


: Phosphate solubilizing bacteria Rhizobium Vesicular arbuscular mycorrhiza

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How to Cite
Nikzad, K., & Sagar, L. (2024). Sustainable Pulse Production Through the Use of Bio-Fertilizers- A review. ESRJ, 61(2), 13–19. Retrieved from