Guidelines for writing a review article

A review article is a type of scholarly publication that summarizes and synthesizes existing research on a specific topic. Unlike original research articles, which present new findings or analyses, review articles provide an overview and analysis of previously published literature. Review articles can take various forms, including systematic reviews, Meta-analyses, Scoping reviews, Literature reviews and mini-review. They serve to consolidate knowledge, highlight trends or gaps in research, and provide insights for future studies or practical applications. Review articles are valuable resources for researchers, students, and professionals seeking a comprehensive understanding of a particular subject area.

The following information and learning are expected from reading a review article:

  1. Present the main developments and discoveries regarding the relevant subject.
  2. To examine the historical course of developments in the relevant subject.
  3. To identify, categorize and introduce the main gaps and deficiencies in the topic under discussion.
  4. To report current discussions and current scientific debates regarding the relevant topic.
  5. Provide the necessary idea about the future research of the topic under discussion.

Therefore, writing such an article requires that the author has full scientific mastery and experience on the subject and has effective research and publications in the path of recent developments in the relevant subject.

The structure of a review article:

The structure of a review article can be different from a research article. The main structure of a review article can include the following sections: title, abstract, keywords, introduction, main text (with discussion), summary or conclusion, and references.

Title

The title should be short, concise, comprehensive and descriptive of all the content of the article. The title should not exceed 20 words.

Abstract

The abstract should not exceed 250 words and should be structured with a background, main body of the abstract and short conclusion. Please minimize the use of abbreviations and do not cite references in the abstract.

Keywords

Three to five keywords representing the main content of the article.

Background

The Background section should explain the background to the article, its aims, a summary of a search of the existing literature and the issue under discussion.

Main text

This should contain the body of the article, and may also be broken into subsections with short, informative headings. Also write a summary of the cases and methods of each article. In this section, in the same way, the investigated techniques will be presented according to the presented classification. Each class of existing classifications or each section should be covered separately in the article. The leading articles or institutions in the subject under investigation are identified to analyze and investigate the problems that have not yet been solved or the existing challenges and future works.

Text Formatting

Manuscripts should be submitted in Word Processing (.doc, .docx).

Section names Fonts sizes
Dari and Pashto title of the article Bahij Zar Bold 14
English title of the article Times New Roman bold 12
The text of the article Bahij Zar 12
The title of the main sections (introduction, materials, etc.) Bahij Zar Bold 12
Dari and Pashto abstract and keywords Bahij Zar 12
Abstract and English keywords Times New Roman 11
Title of tables and figures in Dari and Pashto Bahij Zar Bold 10
Text of tables and figures in Dari and Pashto Bahij Zar 10
Title of tables and figures in English Times New Roman Bold 9
Text of tables and figures in English Times New Roman 9
References ins Persian, Dari, Pashto and Arabic Bahij Zar 10
References English Times New Roman 9

Conclusions

This should state clearly the main conclusions and include an explanation of their relevance or importance to the field.

References

The system of writing reference for the Elm-Ow-Fon, Scientific Research Journal is Vancouver, after the end of each paragraph, the source should be written in parentheses (1). If more than one source is separated by a comma (2, 3). If the function of a person or persons is mentioned, the sources should be completed by writing numbers. For example, (2), studied the effects of liquid and solid fertilizers on the yield of wheat and after analyzing the data, they found that the liquid fertilizer gave better results.

Citation

Reference citations in the text should be identified by Vancouver. Some examples:

No Resource Example of references
1 Book (1-6 authors) Carlson BM. Human embryology and developmental biology. 4th ed. St. Louis; Mosby; 2009; 541p.
2 Book (More than 6 authors) Joseph L, Sylas VP, Cyril N, Santhosh SK, Varghese A, Nelson AB et al. Impacts of parasitic plants on natural communities. 2th ed. St. Louis; Mosby; 2009; 541p.
3 Book chapter Blaxter PS, Farnsworth TP. Social health and class inequalities. In: Carter C, Peel JR, editors. Equalities and inequalities in health. 2nd edition. London; Academic Press; 1976. P.165-78.
4 Electronic book Halpen Felsher BL, Morrell HE. Preventing and reducing tobacco use. In: Brain ED, Bravender T, editors. Adolescent medicine today: a guide to caring for the adolescent patient (internet). Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Collage; 2012; Chapter 18. Available from: http://www. Worldwcientific. Com/doi/pdf/10.1142/9789814324496_0018
5 Article (1-6 authors) printed Petitti DB, Crooks VC, Buckwalter JG, Chiu V. Blood pressure levels before dementia. Arch Neurology, 2005 Jan; 62(1): 112-6.
6 Article (More than 6 authors) Hallal AH, Amurtegul JD, Jerokhimov IM, Casillas J, Schulman CI, Manning RJ, et al. Magne resonance cholangiopacreatography accurately detects common bile duct stones in resolving gallstone pancreatitis. Journal of AM Coll Surgery, 2005Jun;200(6):869-75.
7 Article (1-6 authors) Polgreen PM, Chen YY, David S, Ross A, Katz L, Herwaldt LA. Risk factors for groin wound infection after femoral artery catheterization: a case-control study. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2006 Jan; 27(1):34-7. doi.org/10.1086/500001
8 Article (more than 6 authors) Polgreen PM, Chen YY, David S, Ross A, Katz L, Herwaldt LA, et la. Risk factors for groin wound infection after femoral artery catheterization: a case-control study. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2006 Jan; 27(1):34-7. doi.org/10.1086/500001
9 Website article which written by organization FAO: helping doctors help patients. Chicago: American Medical Association; 1995-2007. Available from: https://www.ama-assn.org/.
10 Website article which written by a person Hooper JF. helping doctors help patients. Chicago: American Medical Association; 1995-2007. Available from: https://www.ama-assn.org/.
11 Thesis or dissertation Rahimi MH. "Effect of fertilizers on growth of different variety of wheat". PHD Dissertation. Agriculture Faculty; Kabul University; Kabul Afghanistan; 2022; p120.