The title of the article should be written in Bahij Zar14 Bold font and in a maximum of 20 words. The title of the article should be short, clear and express all the content of the research.

Author information

  • The name(s) of the author(s)
  • The affiliation(s) of the author(s), i.e. institution, (department), city, (state), country
  • A clear indication and an active e-mail address of the corresponding author


Please provide an abstract of 200 to 250 words.

The abstract should not exceed 250 words. Please minimize the use of abbreviations and do not cite references in the abstract. The abstract must include the following separate sections:

  • Background: The background should include the introducing of the research, the importance of the research and the purpose of the research.
  • Materials and methods: a brief summary of the methods and designs applied.
  • Results: the main findings
  • Conclusions: a brief summary and potential implications


Please provide 3 to 6 keywords that can be used for indexing purposes.


The introduction should briefly place the study in a broad context and highlight why it is important. It should define the purpose of the work and its significance, including specific hypotheses being tested. The current state of the research field should be reviewed carefully and key publications cited. Please highlight controversial and diverging hypotheses when necessary. Finally, briefly mention the main aim of the work. Keep the introduction comprehensible to scientists working outside the topic of the paper.  

Materials and Methods

 They should be described with sufficient detail to allow others to replicate and build on published results. New methods and protocols should be described in detail while well-established methods can be briefly described and appropriately cited. Give the name and version of any software used and make clear whether the computer code used is available. Include any pre-registration codes.


Provide a concise and precise description of the experimental results, their interpretation as well as the experimental conclusions that can be drawn.


Authors should discuss the results and how they can be interpreted from the perspective of previous studies and the working hypotheses. The findings and their implications should be discussed in the broadest context possible and the limitations of the work highlighted. Future research directions may also be mentioned.


This section is mandatory, with one or two paragraphs to end the main text.


Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc. should be placed in a separate section on the Manuscript. The names of funding organizations should be written in full.

Conflicts of Interest 

Authors must identify and declare any personal circumstances or interests that may be perceived as influencing the representation or interpretation of reported research results. If there is no conflict of interest, please state "The authors declare no conflict of interest." 

Text Formatting

Manuscripts should be submitted in Word Processing (.doc, .docx).

Section names



Dari and Pashto title of the article

Bahij Zar Bold


English title of the article

Times New Roman bold


The text of the article

Bahij Zar


The title of the main sections (introduction, materials, etc.)

Bahij Zar Bold


Dari and Pashto abstract and keywords

Bahij Zar


Abstract and English keywords

Times New Roman


Title of tables and figures in Dari and Pashto

Bahij Zar Bold


Text of tables and figures in Dari and Pashto

Bahij Zar


Title of tables and figures in English

Times New Roman Bold


Text of tables and figures in English

Times New Roman


References ins Persian, Dari, Pashto and Arabic

Bahij Zar


References English

Times New Roman



  • The size of the page in the Word should be 6.5 inches width and 9.5 inches length. The top and bottom, right and left margins should all be 0.79 inches. If the word system is set to centimeters, then the size of the page in the word should be 16.51 cm in width and 24.13 cm in length. The top and bottom, right and left margins should all be 2.01 cm. the  line-spacing should be ‘1.5’
  • The manuscript should have a line number.
  • Use the automatic page numbering function to number the pages.
  • Do not use field functions.
  • Use tab stops or other commands for indents, not the space bar.
  • Use the table function, not spreadsheets, to make tables.
  • Use the equation editor or Math Type for equations.
  • Save your file in .docx or .doc format (Word Processing).

Preparing Figures and Tables


  • All tables must have a title written above it.
  • Tables should be arranged in the form of APA
  • All tables are to be numbered using Arabic numerals.
  • Tables should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.
  • For each table, please supply a table caption (title) explaining the components of the table.
  • Identify any previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference at the end of the table caption.
  • Footnotes to tables should be indicated by superscript lower-case letters (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data) and included beneath the table body.


  • All figures must have a title written below it.
  • All figures are to be numbered using Arabic numerals.
  • Figures should be submitted within the body of the text
  • When preparing your figures, size figures to fit in the column width.
  • Figures should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.
  • Figure parts should be denoted by lowercase letters (a, b, c, etc.).
  • Avoid effects such as shading, outline letters, etc.


Abbreviations should be defined at first mention and used consistently thereafter.